Density

Zoning Basics: Density Factor

Density Factor is a zoning term for the maximum allowable number of residential units one can develop on a property. The allowable residential square footage of the building is divided by the density factor to determine the allowable number of units. These factors vary in different zoning districts.

 

Zoning Basics : Density Factor

DENSITY FACTOR

Density Factor is a formula for determining how many dwelling units can be placed on a lot. The density factor is based off the zoning district for that location. The zones are divided into lower and higher densities. It is NYC`s way of regulating density throughout the city.

 

FINDING YOUR DENSITY FACTOR

In order to calculate your density factor you need to calculate your Maximum Buildable Area, which you can find information to do so in our Floor Area Ratio post. Once you have that you will have found your zoning district and below you will find your Factor For Dwelling Unit based on that.

District Factor for Dwelling Units
R1-14,750
R1-2 2,850
R2, R2A1,900
R2X2,900
R3-1 R3-2625
R3A 710
R3-2 R4 R4-1 R4B870
R3X1,000
R4A1,280
R4 R5 R5B900
R5, R5D760
R5A1,560
R5B1,350
R6 R7 R8 R9 R10 680

 

DENISTY FACTOR CALCULATION

MAXIMUM BUILDABLE AREA X FACTOR FOR DWELLING UNITS = DWELLING UNITS ALLOWED

Example

Maximum Buildable Area = 9,000 SF

Zoning District = R6

Factor for Dwelling Units = 680

Maximum Buildable Area /Factor for Dwelling UnitsĀ  = Number of Dwelling Units Allowed

9,000 SF / 680 = 13.23

13 UnitsĀ  would be allowed

 

DENSITY FACTOR KEY POINTS TO CONSIDER

  • You can only round up Density Factor if you have a value with .75
  • “Small zoning lots” are restricted to 1 and 2 families even if the density factor allows for more then 2.

 

DWELLING UNIT COUNT

Your maximum unit count will tell you how many apartments you can put on a lot. You can also use it to see if you can expand and existing building to add more apartments to it

 

THANK YOU FOR READING OUR POST ON DENSITY FACTOR AND DWELLING UNIT CALCULATIONS.

We hope this post was helpful and we wish you the best of luck with your project. Please feel free to leave comments or questions below. If you are interested in speaking with an architect you can contact us directly and we will be happy to hear about your upcoming project.

 

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